ISNA’s Masjid Development Initiative is dedicated to working with masjid leaders and Muslim experts to help grow and strengthen masjids by providing practical solutions for the issues facing masjids. Our goals are (1) to produce relevant written/video materials such manuals, guidelines, policies and best practices which will provide a blueprint for a high-functioning masjid, (2) to provide and facilitate training, workshops and educational programs for masjids.
ISNA Green Initiative Team
ISNA Green Masjid Initiative Team was formed as “Green Masjid Task Group” of Masjid Development Committee in December 2014 with the purpose of creating awareness and to provide guidance to make our mosques/Islamic centers environmentally friendly and our practices sustainable. It was later renamed as “ISNA Green Initiative”.
Climate change and Ecological degradation are existential threats confronting the natural order. Fast pace of the climate change, uncontrolled consumption of diminishing nonrenewable resources demands us to be proactive to take care of our planet. These are not only social and economic problems but more importantly they are moral and ethical issues. Based upon the premise that Islam has ordained us to be the stewards and protectors of this planet Muslims must be an eco-friendly community. As such the modest goal of the “ISNA Green Initiative Team” has been to:
- raise awareness of issues of the protection and conservation of environment and the
catastrophic effects of climate change through various educational means,
(2) promote the practice of a “Green Ramadan” to reduce waste, conservation of
resources, and reducing the use of products harmful to environment like plastic water
bottles and Styrofoam,
(3) Promote the use of Solar energy to reduce the use of fossil fuels,
(4) develop standards for transforming existing Masajid into environmentally friendly
places of worship and promoting eco-friendlier environment for Muslim communities
(5) develop standards for building Masjid that meet the standards of green architecture,
(6) promote environmental social justice.
A booklet “The Green Masjid Project” produced by the team is available on ISNA website as a guide for adopting environmentally friendly practices. Annual Green Ramadan Campaign is one of the major efforts to persuade Masajid/Islamic centers to adopt environmentally friendly practices at community and individual level.
At least six environment related articles have been published by team members in Islamic Horizons along with scores of webinars. Team members also provide lectures about environment and climate issue at Masajid/Islamic centers whenever an opportunity is available.
In addition to their ISNA related activities All team members are involved in several environment related activities, especially with Interfaith groups at State or National level. Two of the members have leadership role in Climate change activities at national and international level. Sr. Nana Firman and Sr. Huda were recipients of White House Champions of Change Faith Leaders on Climate in 2015. These two Muslimas were among the total of 10 from all faith groups. Sr. Nana was invited in November by First Lady of Turkey to Speak in the Program of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization and in December she participated in COP25 interfaith program in Madrid. Their being part of ISNA Green Initiative is an asset. All members of this volunteer team are willing to provide any assistance about making the Masajid/Islamic centers environmentally friendly as well as provide education about environmental conservation and preservation.
Team members: Huda Alkaff; Saffet Catovic; Nana Firman; Uzma Mirza;
- Masroor Shah (chairperson)
In the name of Allah Most Compassionate Most Merciful
GREENING OUR RAMADAN
Allah (swt) tells us: “He is the one who made you khalifahs (vicegerents, stewards, guardians) of the earth” (6:165).
Letter to Mosque/Islamic Center Leaders
Dear Mosque/Islamic Center Leader: Assalam-u-Alaikum
There is no denial that the climate change and environmental degradation is an existential threat to our planet. Scientific studies continuously draw our attention to the perils of global warning. Paris Climate accord has been the recognition of the dire consequences, especially to the people in countries with little resources.
In August 2015, Muslim scholars meeting in Istanbul issued “Islamic Declaration on Global Climate Change” which highlights the consequences of humanity’s massive exploitation of Earth. The declaration calls upon Muslims to tackle the habits, mindset and root causes of climate change, environmental degradation, and loss of biodiversity wherever they can in order to resolve these issues.
Realizing our responsibility towards the preservation and conservation of environment ISNA in December 21014 established ISNA Green Initiative (Formerly known as Green Masjid Task Force) to create environmental awareness, guide mosques/Islamic centers towards environmentally friendly actions, and promote sustainable practices. Since 2015 ISNA Green Initiative have been conducting “Greening Our Ramadan” campaign to encourage environmentally friendly practices.
I request that this Ramadan let us live up to our responsibility as caretakers of the earth and join in the ISNA efforts to adopt environmentally friendly practices. I earnestly request that your mosque/Islamic Center join in“Greening our Ramadan Campaign”. Let us all work together to reduce our carbon footprint. Have a blessed Ramadan.
Sayyid M. Sayeed
President Islamic Society of North America
Why “GREENING OUR RAMADAN”
- Allah (SWT) commands us: “Eat and drink but waste not by extravagance. Certainly Allah loves not the musrifin (wasters)” (Translation 7:31).
- “Every year consumers in rich countries waste almost as much food (222 million tons) as the entire food production in sub-Saharan Africa” (UN).
- “40% of America’s food supply ends up in a dumpster” (Washington Post).
- Plastics take up 25-30% of our landfills.
- In the US, 1500 plastic water bottles are used every second (One Green Planet).
- Styrofoam contains styrene which is classified as a potential cause of cancer by the EPA. Also it takes a long time to degrade Styrofoam. Imagine if a Companion at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used a Styrofoam cup it would not have decomposed yet.It is a well-known fact that now it takes 1 year and six months to produce non-renewable sources that we consume in 1 year. As the caretakers of this planet, as ordained by Allah (SWT), it becomes our obligation to make every effort to conserve and protect our resources. Therefore, ISNA is requesting to adopt the following practices during and Ramadan:
- Conserve food at iftars and avoid being wasteful by giving excess food to people in need. Conserve water, especially during wudu. Follow the tradition of Prophet (PBUH)
- Use quick degradable/paper products for iftars and not Styrofoam cups and plate
- Recycle material, especially plastic water bottles
- Replace all light bulbs with energy saver bulbs and thus conserve electricity
- Give a khutbah on the Islamic imperative to conserve and protect our environmentRemember: “Command the good and forbid the wrong” (Translation 31:17).
In the name of Allah Most Compassionate Most Merciful
We, the undersigned Muslim scholars, leaders, organizations and concerned Muslims, voice our strong commitment to uphold and realize the Prophetic ideal of masjids being open and inclusive of women. Striving to realize the Prophetic model, we call upon all masjids to ensure that (1) women are welcomed as an integral part of masjids and encouraged to attend, (2) women have a prayer space in the main musalla which is behind the lines of men but not behind a full barrier that disconnects women from the main musalla and prevents them from seeing the imam; and (3) women actively participate in the decision-making process of the masjid, best realized by having women on the governing bodies of masjids.
The defining principle underlying this call is Allah’s description of the ideal relationship of men and women in the Muslim community:
The believing men and the believing women are awliya’ (supporters, helpers, protectors, patrons) of one another: they (both) enjoin what is known to be good and forbid what is known to be bad; they establish salah and pay zakah; and they obey Allah and His Messenger. These are the ones on whom Allah will bestow mercy—indeed Allah is exalted in power, wise (9:71).
This verse clearly sets the general principle that believing men and women support one another in the great mission of Islam—striving for good, opposing evil, and establishing the pillars of salah and zakah. Thus Muslim men and women are partners in establishing the faithful Muslim community—both are needed, both are essential. There are also many other Qur’anic verses (e.g. 9:18, 7:31) which establish the general principle that it is the believing Muslims—men and women—who maintain and frequent the masjids.
1. Masjids Should be Welcoming to Women
The active presence of women in the masjid during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (P) is clearly evidenced in numerous hadith. Hadith confirm that in the Prophet’s masjid women prayed salah regularly, attended Jum’ah Prayer, made optional prayer (nawafil), did i’tikaf in the masjid during Ramadan, and met in the masjid. The Prophet demonstrated the welcoming nature of his masjid, for example, by shortening prayers when children started crying. To help facilitate a healthy environment and avoid fitnah (temptation), the Messenger of Allah instructed both men and women to dress properly, lower their gaze and guard their modesty. Women received an additional instruction not to wear perfume when attending the masjid.
The general guideline was set by Prophet Muhammad (P) when he ordered that women be allowed to freely attend the masjid: “If the wife of anyone of you asks permission to attend the masjid, he should not prevent her.” When Ibn Umar’s son, Bilal, responded to this hadith by saying “We will prevent them,” Ibn Umar harshly reprimanded his son for the audacity of opposing the explicit instruction of the Prophet .
Thus we call on all our masjids to be welcoming to women—such that their experience at the masjid be uplifting and not demeaning. To realize the ideal of being welcoming to women, masjids should (a) ensure that women’s accommodations are comfortable, clean and well-lit; (b) support and facilitate women’s activities and groups; and (c) proclaim clearly on the minbar and by other means that women are an integral part of the masjid.
The hadith that “the best prayer of a woman is in her house,” cannot be taken as a general guideline, because the great female companions, including the Prophet’s wives, prayed in the Prophet’s masjid. If the hadith was supposed to apply to all women, the wives of the Prophet and the female companions would not have gone to the masjid. The best understanding of this hadith, therefore, is that an allowance exists for some women to pray at home depending on their circumstances (such as Umm Humaid who was instructed to pray in her home), but it cannot be interpreted as a ruling for all women at all times.
In the same vein, Sayyidah Aishah’s remarks that “had the Prophet known what women were innovating, he would have forbidden them from attending the masjid,” cannot be taken as a general guideline, altering the Prophet’s practice of including women in the masjid, because speculation of what the Prophet might have intended cannot be used as a proof. Sayyidah Aishah in fact did not explicitly say, women should be prevented from attending the masjid, and it is known that the Rightly-Guided Caliphs did not prevent women, and that women continued to attend the masjid during the time of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. This hadith in fact confirms the general principle that women are allowed to attend the masjid as long as they fulfill the instructions of dressing properly and avoiding perfume.
The underlying concern in these hadith and the opinion of many scholars is the avoidance of fitnah (temptation). However, in the American context, where society in many cases pulls Muslims away from Islam and where women and men have many choices of where to go and how to spend their time, the best choice to avoid fitnah for everyone is to spend more time in the masjid where they will hopefully become better Muslims and lend a hand to growing the Muslim community. When masjids provide women full access to prayers, activities and the decision-making process, the entire community will ultimately benefit.
2. Women Should Have Prayer Space in the Main Musalla without Barriers
The masjid of Prophet Muhammad (P) and the masjids during the time of the Four Rightly-Guided Caliphs did not have a barrier separating men and women. Men prayed in the front lines, children in the middle, and women behind the children. All the schools of Islamic Law, Sunni and Shi’ah, agree on this point. So why should we adopt any other ideal? When women are in the main musalla, they are naturally more attentive, more engaged and thus better able to fulfill their function as awliya’—supporters and contributors to establishing the Muslim community.
Some Muslims argue that the barrier is necessary to guard against fitnah (temptation). However the Prophet never stated that a women’s presence in the mosque in and of itself is a source of fitnah. The instruction to men to avoid fitna is to lower their gaze; not to put a physical barrier that blocks women from the main musalla. The benefit in the rule of having women engaged in the masjid outweighed some hypothetical possibility of fitnah.
We call upon masjids to ensure that women have access to the main musalla to perform salah, listen to the Jum’ah khutbah or attend and participate in lectures or discussions. This should be in addition to any separate area that currently exists for women. Recognizing that the architecture of some masjids may make it difficult to find a barrier-free space for women in the main musalla, especially for Jum’ah, masjids still have the duty to find a solution to realize the sunnah of including women in the main musalla.
3. Women Should Participate in the Masjid Decision-Making Process
Allah gave the general command to the Prophet and the Muslims to conduct their affairs by shura, and necessarily shura includes women. Being partners in establishing Islam, the voice of women must be present in the deliberations of the Muslim community. The Prophet did not have a formal shura process, but he did set the example of consulting with all segments of the Muslim community, including women. Masjids in North America, however, do have formal decision-making mechanisms, and it is, therefore, incumbent that women participate in all processes of formal shura, including serving on the governing bodies of masjids. Also from an American legal standpoint and a best practice perspective, masjid boards should be representative and gender inclusive. In addition masjids are encouraged to create positions of official authority and influence for women, whereby the community at large can benefit from their talents, expertise, moral example and experience.
We call upon all Muslims—in particular masjids—to sign this statement and then work to make our masjids more inclusive of women. Please sign onto this Statement by going to: http://www.isna.net/isna-statement.html
This statement was initially prepared by ISNA’s Task Force for Women-Friendly Masjids (a part of ISNA’s Masjid Development Committee), and then modified with the input of the Fiqh Council of North America and many other Islamic scholars.
Endorsed by the following:
ISNA’s Task Force for Women-Friendly Masjids
Sarah Sayeed, Chair
Fiqh Council of North America